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1C Company (Russian: Фирма "1С") is one of the largest independent Russian software developers and publishers. Its headquarters are in Moscow, Russia. It is best known outside of the former Soviet Union as a video game developer; however, in the internal Russian market 1C is a leader in business software as well.
1C's comprehensive business software suite 1C:Предприятие (1C:Predpriyatiye, 1C:Enterprise) has held an overwhelming market share for over a decade. 1C is also a leader in localizing and publishing Russian-language versions of international software. For instance, more than half of popular Western video games are licensed and published by 1C. The company has over 700 employees, 10,000 business partners, 4,500 authorized retailers, 1,200 training centres, 200 authorized certification locations and over 280 stores in 100 cities.
1C was founded in 1991 by Boris Nuraliev in Moscow, Russia. The company goal was to provide a software solution to business owners giving them a system that required little or no accounting and development experience.
1C:Ino-Co, founded as Ino-Co, was acquired in 2007. In February 2008, 1C merged with Soft Club (another Russian game publisher and distibutor). Buka Entertainment in Prague, founded in 1993, was acquired in 2008.
While virtually unknown in the West, 1C:Предприятие (1C:Enterprise) is a market leader in Russia. The comprehensive suite, current version being 8.2.11, includes Accounting, Contact Management, Inventory Management, Document Management, Web Client, and more. The suite is used by tens of thousands of Russian corporations. 1C was one of the first Russian private companies to be awarded with the Russian Federation Government Award in Science in 2002 for development and implementation of 1C:Предприятие.
1C is perhaps the best known outside of Russia for developing the famous IL-2 Sturmovik line of flight sims that includes Forgotten Battles and Pacific Fighters. 1C has also developed Theatre Of War which is a World War II land-based game published in the west by Battlefront.com; 1C has a long history of in-house development, as well as funding independent developers. Other notable games funded and/or developed by 1C include Soldiers: Heroes of WWII and the sequels Faces of War and Men of War, the Silent Storm series, Pirates of the Caribbean, and King's Bounty: The Legend, among others. It has been announced that some of their past games will be republished by Atari on Nintendo's Virtual Console. Cryostasis: Sleep of Reason was released on December 5, 2008 in the CIS, February 27, 2009 in Europe and April 20, 2009 in North America. Konung III: Ties of the Dynasty was released in 2010.