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Computer Entertainment Rating Organization

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The Computer Entertainment Rating Organization system (CERO for short) is an organization that rates video games released in Japan. Despite its name, it mostly governs console game ratings. The majority of PC and mobile games released in Japan are governed by the older EOCS organization. Both are considered the equivalents of the Entertainment Software Rating Board in North America.

An icon-based content descriptor system is also in effect for all ratings excluding "All Ages". It is similar to the PEGI system's icons.


Image Rating Restriction Status
CERO-A A Suitable for everyone, regardless of age. Advisory
CERO-B B Has content that may be suitable for ages 12 and older. Advisory
CERO-C C Has content that may be suitable for ages 15 and older. Advisory
CERO-D D Has content that may be suitable for ages 17 and older. Advisory
CERO-Z Z Suitable for ages 18 and older. Enforced
CERO-All All Suitable for everyone, regardless of age. Advisory, Retired
CERO-12 12 Has content that may be suitable for ages 12 and older. Advisory, Retired
CERO-15 15 Has content that may be suitable for ages 15 and older. Advisory, Retired
CERO-18 18 Has content that may be suitable for ages 18 and older. Advisory, Retired

The ratings A, B, C and D are advisory, while Z is strictly enforced. Many games rated as "18" under the old system have been re-rated as D.

The old ratings system was retired on March 1, 2006, in favor of the new ratings system. It was divided into "All Ages," "12 and Up," "15 and Up," and "18 and Up.". All ratings were advisory.

Content Descriptors

In April 2004, CERO defined the following "content descriptors". These icons are displayed on the back of all packages except those rated as "All ages".

Image Descriptor Description
CERO-Crime Crime Depictions of criminal behaviour.
CERO-Drinking & Smoking Drinking and/or Smoking Depictions of drinking alcohol and/or smoking tobacco.
CERO-Drugs Drugs Depictions of recreational drugs.
CERO-Fright Fright Includes content likely to scare or induce fear.
CERO-Gambling Gambling Depictions of Gambling.
CERO-Language Language Written or spoken content includes vulgar and/or obscene language.
CERO-Romance Romance Depictions of Romance.
CERO-Sexuality Sexuality Content may be sexually suggestive, and may include written or spoken sexual references.
CERO-Violence Violence Depictions of violence.

See also

External Links

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