Mexico borrows its name from the Mexica people, another name for the Aztecs. It achieved independence from Spain in 1821. For most of the 19th century the country was wrecked by rebellions and foreign invasions losing more than half of its territory to the United States. A liberal constitution was proclaimed in 1857, leading to ten years of civil war between liberals and conservatives, in which the latter crowned Maximilian of Austria as emperor under French occupation. The French and conservatives were ultimately defeated by the liberals of Benito Juarez in 1867. Mexico entered the modern era under Porifirio Diaz (1876-1911) but social inequality and political repression led to the Mexican Revolution of 1910 which left more than a million dead. The Revolution led to the establishment of a corporatist one party state in 1929. Only in 2000 did Mexico see its first democratic transfer of power.

Initial government is Despotism.

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