In precolumbian times Newfoundland and Labrador were settled by the Beothuk, though around 1000 CE for a short time Vikings also settled there. From the late 15th century onward Newfoundland was visited by the Portuguese and English. England and France contested the island until 1713, when France relinquished its claims. Newfoundland became a dominion in 1907. Badly hit by the Great Depression, in 1934 it voluntarily surrendered its sovereignty to the UK. Newfoundland passed to Canada in 1949; currently it is known as the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Initial government is Despotism.