Sao Tome and Principe are two islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. The main island was named after Saint Thomas by the Portuguese sailors who first discovered the island on the saint's feast day around 1470. The islands turned into the first major European plantation colony. Slavery was abolished in the 19th century and the country became independent in 1975. The islands' economy remains dependent on the export of cocoa.
Initial government is Despotism.