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Second-Generation Consoles

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The Second Generation Consoles (1976-1984) improved on the home console market. The Fairchild Channel F was the first console released in this generation, it was the first system to use cartridges. The console influenced the release of the Atari 2600 the following year. The Atari 2600 brought home console gaming to a more mainstream audience. A few years later, many competitors of Atari released consoles of their own to compete with the Atari 2600. Atari released the Atari 5200 to compete with the other consoles.

The Video Game Crash of 1983 was considered the death of the home console market, due to a flood in the market.

Sales comparison

Console Units sold Launch price
Atari 2600 (1977) 24 million (1989)[1] $180-190 in 1977[2]
($703‑742 in 2014)
ColecoVision (1982) 6 million (1984)[3] $199 in 1982 ($488 in 2014)
Intellivision (1981) 3 million[4][5] (1990)[6] $299 in 1981 ($778 in 2014)
Magnavox Odyssey² (1978) 2 million[7] (1984) $179.95 in 1978[8] ($653 in 2014)
Sega SG‑1000 (1983) 2 million (1996)[9] ¥15,000 in 1983 ($228 in 2014)
Atari 5200 (1982) 1 million (1984)[10] $270 in 1982 ($662 in 2014)
Epoch Cassette Vision (1981) 300,000 (1982)[11] ¥13,500 in 1981 ($215 in 2014)
Fairchild Channel F (1976) 300,000 (1980)[12] $170[2] in 1976 ($707 in 2014)

Sales history

Year Sales
Channel
F
Atari Odyssey² INTV Epoch
CV
Coleco
Vision
Sega
SG-1000
2600 5200
1977
(US)
250,000[13] 250,000[14]
1978
(US)
550,000[14]
(+300,000)
1979
(US)
1 million[14]
(+450,000)
1980
(US)
300,000[12] 2 million[15][16]
(+1 million)
1981
(US)
6 million[17]
(+4 million)
(70-80%)
[18][19]
250,000
(4%)[19]
900,000
(15-20%)
[19][18]
1982 10 million[20]
(+4 million)
(70-75%)
(US)[18][21]
300,000
(Japan)
[11]
550,000[22]
(US)
1983 800,000
[23]
(US)
2 million[24]
(+1,450,000)
(US)
200,000
(Japan)[25]
1984 19 million
(global)
1 million[10]
(+200,000)
(US)
2 million
[7]
(global)
3 million
[4]
(global)
440,000
(+240,000)
(Japan)[25]
1985 20 million[26]
(+1 million)
(global)[27]
6 million[3]
(global)
720,000
(+280,000)
(Japan)[25]
1989 24 million[1]
(global)
1996 25 million (global)
(2600 & 5200)
2 million[9]
(global)

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1499&dat=19890211&id=QWcaAAAAIBAJ&sjid=zysEAAAAIBAJ&pg=4038,2242488
  2. 2.0 2.1 http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2206&dat=19771220&id=bDs0AAAAIBAJ&sjid=yOsFAAAAIBAJ&pg=2946,4068969
  3. 3.0 3.1 ColecoVision - 1982-1984. ClassicGaming. IGN. Archived from the original on 2008-02-16 Retrieved on 2008-05-16.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Mattel Intellivision - 1980–1984. ClassicGaming. IGN. Archived from the original on 2008-02-17 Retrieved on 2008-05-16.
  5. Ask Hal: Frequently Asked Questions to the Blue Sky Rangers. Intellivision Productions. Retrieved on 2008-11-03.
  6. Timeline. Intellivision Productions. Retrieved on 2008-11-03.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Magnavox Odyssey 2. IGN. Retrieved on 2011-08-27.
  8. http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1755&dat=19781210&id=MJwcAAAAIBAJ&sjid=jmcEAAAAIBAJ&pg=3753,5716072
  9. 9.0 9.1 http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=6CS7AAAAIAAJ&q=sg-1000
  10. 10.0 10.1 Schrage, Michael (1984-05-22). "Atari Introduces Game In Attempt for Survival". Washington Post: C3. "The company has stopped producing its 5200 SuperSystem games player, more than 1 million of which were sold." 
  11. 11.0 11.1 http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:poA6dh5qvgIJ:ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/file/40488/oer_037_1_063_088.pdf
  12. 12.0 12.1 http://www.digitpress.com/library/magazines/video/video_dec81.pdf#page=4
  13. Gareth R. Jones; Charles W.L. Hill (2007). Strategic management: an integrated approach (7th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin. p. C-123. ISBN 0-618-73166-0. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=P8q5AAAAIAAJ&q=%22By+this+point,+second-place+Fairchild+sold+around+250000+units%22&dq=%22By+this+point,+second-place+Fairchild+sold+around+250000+units%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=6-FIT4SdB6mb1AX0zsSVDg&ved=0CDcQ6AEwAA. Retrieved 25 February 2012. "By this point, second-place Fairchild sold around 250,000 units of its system." 
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 http://www.gamasutra.com/features/20051221/Droidmaker.Ch18.pdf
  15. http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1499&dat=19800826&id=3OAjAAAAIBAJ&sjid=tSsEAAAAIBAJ&pg=2734,3092761
  16. http://www.2600connection.com/articles/arcade_alley/arcade_alley_dec80.pdf
  17. http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2206&dat=19820317&id=zoEmAAAAIBAJ&sjid=VAEGAAAAIBAJ&pg=2694,1926878
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2206&dat=19821025&id=u9wlAAAAIBAJ&sjid=J_MFAAAAIBAJ&pg=4028,2960761
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1915&dat=19820306&id=jQEhAAAAIBAJ&sjid=SXUFAAAAIBAJ&pg=4884,1190162
  20. "Guinness World Records Gamer's Edition 2008", Guinness World Records Gamer's Edition (Guinness World Records): p. 24, 2008, ISBN 1-904994-21-0, http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=OJQFSlyMEfAC, retrieved 2011-04-11, "10 million - number of Atari 2600 consoles sold by 1982. 7 million - estimated number of copies of Pac-Man for the Atari 2600 sold." 
  21. http://www.nytimes.com/1982/07/01/business/video-games-to-to-hollywood.html
  22. "Coleco hits with home video games", Business Week: 31, 1983-01-24, "Most of 1982's action was in the second half, when Coleco shipped 550,000 ColecoVision game machines--which sell for $169 to $189--booking orders for nearly that many more." 
  23. "Coleco Strong In Marketing", New York Times, 1983-08-01, "Since its introduction last fall, Colecovision has sold about 1.4 million units...Of that total, about 900,000 were sold this year, compared with 800,000 units by Atari and 300,000 by Mattel." 
  24. Coleco Industries sales report, PR Newswire, 1984-04-17, "'First quarter sales of ColecoVision were substantial, although much less that [sic] those for the year ago quarter,' Greenberg said in a prepared statement. He said the company has sold 2 million ColecoVision games since its introduction in 1982." 
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 http://www.neogaf.com/forum/showpost.php?p=38012869&postcount=625
  26. http://www.nytimes.com/1986/09/27/business/video-games-once-zapped-in-comeback.html
  27. http://mcurrent.name/atarihistory/tramel_technology.html

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