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Tekken franchise
File:Tekken-logo.png
Tekken 1 logo
Genres Fighting
Developers Namco
Publishers Namco (Namco Bandai)
Platforms Arcade, PlayStation, Wonder Swan, PlayStation 2, Game Boy Advance, PlayStation Portable, PlayStation Network, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360
First release Tekken
December 9, 1994
Latest release Tekken 6: Bloodline Rebellion
December 18, 2009
Official website http://tekken.namco.com/

For a full detailed information wiki about the Tekken series, visit www.tekkenpedia.com

Tekken (鉄拳?, lit. Iron Fist) is a series of fighting games developed and published by Namco. Originally an arcade game, versions exist for the PlayStation, PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, Wonder Swan, and Game Boy Advance. The story in each game in the series (with the exception of the non-canon game Tekken Tag Tournament) documents the events of the fictional martial arts tournament, The King of Iron Fist Tournament, with the game's chronological number corresponding with the current iteration of the tournament.

The tournament is always hosted by a financial corporation called the "Mishima Zaibatsu", with the tournament prize generally being control of the company offered to the victor (who then is free to host the next King of Iron Fist tournament). The arcade versions are known to traditionally use PlayStation based hardware for each installment, and subsequently each arcade version was eventually made for its respective PlayStation.

There are currently seven main installments in the Tekken series. In May 2010, Namco Bandai announced that the next installment in the series has been given the go ahead, although no further details have, as of yet, been confirmed.

History

The Tekken series is one of the earliest 3D fighting game franchises. The first game was released in 1994, less than two years after Virtua Fighter. There are six Tekken sequel games: Tekken 2, Tekken 3, Tekken Tag Tournament, Tekken 4, Tekken 5 and Tekken 6. Updates of Tekken 5 and Tekken 6, titled Tekken 5: Dark Resurrection and Tekken 6: Bloodline Rebellion, respectively, have also been released. An eighth installment in the series was officially announced to be in early development stages on May 27, 2010.[1]

The Tekken series also includes Tekken Advance, a GBA version of Tekken 3 which was released for the Game Boy Advance in 2001. However, Namco did not release any other Game Boy Tekken titles subsequently, due to the franchise's exclusive deal on the PlayStation platform. A PSP version of Tekken 5: Dark Resurrection retitled Tekken: Dark Resurrection, was released in Japan and the U.S. in summer 2006. The European version was released in September 15, 2006. Tekken Card Challenge was also released on the Japan-only hand held WonderSwan.

Pocket Gamer has confirmed a Tekken game will come to the iPhone and iPod Touch. An anonymous speaker says "the game is being finished up...it plays rather nicely" [2]

Gameplay

As with many fighting games, players choose a character from a lineup, and engage in hand-to-hand combat with an opponent. It is primarily a competitive two player series, but a human player can fight an AI-controlled character for practice or amusement.

In the original Tekken game, the characters would fight on arenas. The name of the location was displayed in the bottom right corner of the screen. The locations included Angkor Wat, Szechwan, Monument Valley, Chicago, Kyoto, Fiji, Windermere, Venezia, Acropolis, King George Island, and Chiba Marine Stadium. Subsequent Tekken games do not have the names of real locations displayed in-game during fights.

Tekken differs from other hand-to-hand fighting games in some ways. Traditional fighting games are usually played with buttons which correspond to the strength of the attack, such as strong punch or weak kick. Tekken, however, dedicates a button to each limb of the fighter, making learning special attacks more of an intuitive process. The player could watch the animation on screen and figure out the appropriate command (if the character kicks low with their right leg, the move is likely to be executed by pressing down and right kick, or a similar variation).

Elements

The Tekken series uses separate buttons for right and left limbs, resulting in four buttons. Other trademarks include throw escapes, and starting from Tekken 2, autoblock. Each iteration was improved upon both graphically and technically. Tekken 3 introduced the ability to move into the foreground or away from the background, commonly referred to as "sidestepping." Also, Tekken 3 reduced recovery time after being knocked down, then previous games and each game afterwards include rolls to recover instantly after hitting the ground, allowing the player to get back into the fight instead of pounding buttons. Tekken 4 gave characters even greater mobility by adding true 3D movement while simultaneously including geometrically complex arenas with unleveled ground, obstacles, and walls. This differed from previous Tekken games, where all of the arenas were level and contained no boundaries, meaning the player could walk forward or backward without limit. Tekken 5 saw the return of both walled and infinite arenas, with the fluid mobility of Tekken 4 being toned down to appease many players who felt it made the game more focused on evasion. Tekken Tag Tournament, released between Tekken 3 and Tekken 4, is not a part of the Tekken storyline. The game allowed each player to control one of two selected fighters, who could be tagged in and out of the fight by the additional fifth button, which can be used for tag team attacks and juggles, amongst other tactics. Otherwise, Tag Tournament used much of the Tekken 3 gameplay engine and reintroduced characters who were not available since Tekken 2.

Rounds

By default, there are two rounds of combat. However, the players have a choice from one to five rounds, as well as options for the time limit of each round. If the winning character retains all his or her health without the time limit expiring, the announcer will call, "Perfect!" If the winning character is near knock out, the announcer will call, "Great!" It is possible that both characters can be knocked out simultaneously, and the announcer will call "Double K.O." If the time limit for the round expires, the character with more health will be declared the winner. If both players have equal health remaining, the round will be a draw. In other cases, the announcer will call "K.O." when one character is triumphant or "Double K.O." when both opponents have been knocked out simultaneously. In Arcade Mode, if a double K.O. occurs in the final round, the CPU automatically wins and the game will end unless desired to continue.

Influence

The Tekken games are popular within the martial arts community thanks primarily to the fact that most of the characters' fighting techniques can be found in real life martial arts. However, there are questions as to the accuracy of the style labels ascribed to certain characters. For example, in previous releases of the game, the character Paul Phoenix is listed accurately as fighting using integrated martial arts based on judo, despite judo not generally allowing punching and kicking, especially in competition. Similarly, the character Marshall Law is listed as being a practitioner of "martial arts", which is not a specific discipline. Similarities exist between Marshall Law and Bruce Lee, including their fighting style, Jeet Kune Do as well as appearance. The misunderstanding concerning Marshall Law's "martial arts" is commonly attributed to the fact that in the manual for the American PlayStation release of Tekken 2, the translator for the manual missed a small pun where Marshall Law practiced 'Marshall arts', a reference to his own name. Other Tekken characters also draw heavily from real life action heroes, such as Lei Wulong and Craig Marduk, video game analogues of Jackie Chan, and large wrestlers/mixed martial artists, such as Bill Goldberg, Nathan Jones, and Bob Sapp. Namco themselves have stated that the styles in Tekken are not supposed to accurately represent real styles, but merely give the impression of them. Paul Phoenix, King (albeit through two different identities), Nina Williams, Yoshimitsu and Heihachi Mishima have been playable characters in all Tekken games, while Lei Wulong first appeared as a playable character in Tekken 2 and has since shown up in all subsequent games. Kazuya Mishima and Lee Chaolan are playable characters in all Tekken games with the exception of Tekken 3, which Kazuya only appears or is mentioned in various cinematics. Anna Williams is playable in all Tekken games except Tekken 4. A member of the Law and Chang family have also been playable in every Tekken game.

Apart from Yoshimitsu, Heihachi Mishima and Lars Alexandersson, there are many crossovers between Tekken and the Soul series, such as King's mask available for custom characters in Soulcalibur III, and Ivy's hairstyle for Anna in Tekken 5. Yoshimitsu and Heihachi, being originally Tekken characters, obtained many new moves when brought to the Soul series. In later Tekken games, some of these attacks were added to their moves lists. Lars will appear in Naruto Shippuden: Ultimate Ninja Storm 2 as a special guest character.

Characters

Tekken is notable and praised for depicting its characters with visual flair and style. Players can choose from a diverse cast that hails from a variety of ethnic backgrounds and fighting styles. A few characters have supernatural origin, such as Devil and Ogre, while others like Roger Jr. and Kuma provide comic relief. In the story mode of the game, each character generally has their own personal reasons for entering the tournament and competing for the prize. When a player selects a character, completion of the game would assume that particular character won the tournament and their ending is shown, hence there are multiple endings depending on which character is chosen by the player. The plot of subsequent games in the series, however, assumes only one of the endings to be correct. The overarching plot of the series revolves around the Mishima family (Heihachi, Kazuya, Jin, Jinpachi, and most recently Lars), who together are the only characters to host and win the tournaments canonically in the series so far. Paul Phoenix, Nina Williams, Yoshimitsu and Heihachi Mishima are the only characters to have been playable in every Tekken game so far.

Notes
1 ^Unlockable character.
2 ^Appears as alternate costume for another character.
3 ^Mentioned briefly in-game.
4 ^Makes a cameo in-game.
5 ^Appears as a customization for another character.
6 ^Unplayable boss character.
7 ^Available only in a specific version of the game.
Character Tekken Tekken 2 Tekken 3 Tekken Tag Tournament Tekken 4 Tekken 5 Tekken 5: Dark Resurrection Tekken 6 Tekken 6: Bloodline Rebellion Tekken Advance
Alex No Yes12 No Yes12 No No No No No No
Alisa Bosconovitch No No No No No No No No Yes No
Angel No Yes12 No Yes12 No No No No No No
Anna Williams Yes1 Yes1 Yes1 Yes No3 Yes1 Yes Yes Yes No
Armor King (1) Yes1 Yes1 No4 Yes No4 No5 No No No No
Armor King (2) No No No No No No Yes Yes Yes No
Asuka Kazama No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Azazel No No No No No No No Yes6 Yes6 No
Baek Doo San No Yes1 No Yes No Yes1 Yes Yes Yes No
Bob No No No No No No No Yes Yes No
Bruce Irvin No Yes1 No Yes1 No Yes1 Yes Yes Yes No
Bryan Fury No No Yes1 Yes Yes1 Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Christie Monteiro No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Combot No No No No Yes1 No No No No No
Craig Marduk No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Devil Yes12 Yes1 No4 Yes1 No4 No4 No4 No No No
Devil Jin No No No4 No4 No4 Yes1 Yes Yes Yes No
Dr. Boskonovitch No No4 Yes7 No4 No4 No4 No4 No3 No3 No
Eddy Gordo No No Yes Yes Yes12 Yes12 Yes Yes Yes No
Feng Wei No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Forest Law No4 No Yes Yes No No3 No4 No4 No4 Yes
Ganryu Yes1 Yes1 No Yes No Yes1 Yes Yes Yes No
Gon No No Yes17 No No No No No No No
Gun Jack No No Yes1 Yes No No4 No4 No No Yes
Heihachi Mishima Yes1 Yes Yes1 Yes Yes1 Yes1 Yes Yes Yes Yes1
Hwoarang No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Jack Yes No3 No No No No No No No No
Jack-2 No4 Yes No2 Yes1 No No4 No4 No No No
Jack-5 No No No No No Yes Yes No3 No3 No
Jack-6 No No No No No No No Yes Yes No
Jin Kazama No No Yes Yes Yes1 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Jinpachi Mishima No No No No No Yes6 Yes7 No No No
Julia Chang No No Yes1 Yes Yes1 Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Jun Kazama No Yes No4 Yes No4 No3 No No No3,4 No
Kazuya Mishima Yes Yes1 No4 Yes1 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
King (1) Yes Yes No3 No No No No No No No
King (2) No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Kuma (1) Yes1 Yes1 No No No No No No No No
Kuma (2) No No Yes1 Yes1 Yes1 Yes1 Yes Yes Yes No
Kunimitsu Yes1 Yes1 No Yes1 No No No5 No No No
Lars Alexandersson No No No No No No No No Yes No
Lee Chaolan Yes1 Yes1 No Yes1 Yes1 Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Lei Wulong No Yes Yes Yes Yes1 Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Leo No No No No No No No Yes Yes No
Lili No No No No No No Yes Yes Yes No
Ling Xiaoyu No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Marshall Law Yes Yes No4 No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Michelle Chang Yes Yes No4 Yes No No3 No3 No No No
Miguel Caballero Rojo No No No No No No No Yes Yes No
Miharu Hirano No No No No Yes12 No No No No No
Mokujin No No Yes1 Yes1 No Yes1 Yes Yes Yes No
Nancy-MI847J No No No No No No No Yes6 Yes6 No
Nina Williams Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes1 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Ogre No No Yes1 Yes1 No4 No47 No No No No
Panda No No Yes12 Yes12 Yes12 Yes12 Yes Yes Yes No
Paul Phoenix Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Prototype Jack Yes1 Yes1 No Yes1 No No No No No No
Raven No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Roger No Yes1 No Yes1 No No4 No4 No No No
Roger Jr. No No No No No Yes1 Yes Yes Yes No
Sergei Dragunov No No No No No No Yes Yes Yes No
Steve Fox No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Tetsujin No No No Yes12 No No No5 No No No
Tiger Jackson No No Yes12 Yes2 No No No45 No No No
True Ogre No No Yes1 Yes1 No No67 No No No No
Unknown No No No Yes1 No No No No No No
Violet No No No No Yes12 No No No No No
Wang Jinrei Yes1 Yes1 No Yes1 No Yes1 Yes Yes Yes No
Yoshimitsu Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Zafina No No No No No No No Yes Yes No
Total 18 25 23 39 23 33 36 41 43 10

Appearances in other games


Appearances in other media

Developers' opinions

Developers of non-Tekken games have commented on the series.

See also

References

  1. Tekken 7 Confirmed at Madrid Event - Gaming Today
  2. Tekken for iPhone
  3. Template:Citeweb
  4. Dunham, Jeremy (2007-02-21). Tekken 5: Dark Resurrection Interview. IGN. Retrieved on 2008-09-04

External links

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