The Republic of Venice emerged from the shadows of history when refugees from barbarian marauders gathered on the safety of the islands of a lagoon in northeast Italy. Originally a loyal subject of the Eastern Roman empire, it gradually acquired its independence and ranked among the superpowers of the Middle Ages. Its merchants grew rich on trade, and its navy was respected throughout the Mediterranean sea. After a long decline, it eventually fell to the armies of Bonaparte in 1796.
Initial government is Despotism.